Under the Ujala scheme, the Government Distributes 36.78 Million Led Bulbs

In seven years, the Power Ministry distributed 36.78 crore LED lights under the UJALA initiative, saving 47,778 million units of electricity each year. The Prime Minister inaugurated Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) on January 5, 2015.

In a short time, the initiative has grown to become the world's largest zero-subsidy household lighting plan, addressing issues such as high electrification costs and high emissions caused by inefficient lighting, according to a statement from the power ministry.

According to the statement, as of today, more than 36.78 crore LEDs have been distributed across the country.


The success of the programme -- which has transformed the lives of tens of thousands of people -- lies in its inimitable strategic approach to energy efficiency, it said.

UJALA succeeded in bringing down the retail price of LED bulbs from Rs 300 to 350 per bulb to Rs 70-80 per bulb, it informed.

Apart from making affordable energy accessible to all, the programme also resulted in massive energy savings.

As of today, 47,778 million kWh per annum energy has been saved. 9,565 MW of peak demand has been avoided, along with 3,86 crore tonnes of reduction in CO2 emissions, the statement said.

UJALA has been readily adopted by all the states. It has helped in reducing annual household electricity bills. Consumers have been able to save money, improve their quality of life, and contribute to India's economic growth and prosperity.

Under the programme, the government has ensured transparency and encouraged competition by e-procurement of goods and services. This has resulted in a significant reduction in transaction cost and time, enhancing process efficiency. With UJALA, the cost of LED bulbs has come down by 85 per cent.

This, in turn, has led to a much larger pool of bidders, enhanced quality of the product and availability of better specifications for the consumers.

Leveraging increased industry competition and mass procurement, state-owned EESL has adopted an innovative procurement strategy, which resulted in well-known benefits and is now known as the USP of programme UJALA.

UJALA provides an impetus to the domestic lighting industry. It encourages Make in India, as domestic manufacturing of LED bulbs has increased from 1 lakh per month to 40 million per month, the ministry said.

Manufacturers benefit from UJALA's economies of scale by purchasing in bulk on a regular basis. This allows manufacturers to lower LED prices for the retail market as well. It reported that between 2014 and 2017, the procured price was dropped by about 90%, from Rs 310 to Rs 38 per unit.

The programme has also attracted the attention of India's premier management schools. It is now part of the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad's Leadership case study. It is also being considered for inclusion in the Harvard Business School curriculum, according to the statement.

Energy-efficient and cost-saving lighting has been made available to middle- and lower-middle-class households thanks to UJALA. The EESL has also enlisted Self-Help Groups (SHGs) for distribution of LED bulbs under the UJALA programme as part of its inclusive growth plan to facilitate growth in lower-income regions, according to the statement.

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