According to the agriculture ministry, India produced an all-time record of 308 million tonnes of foodgrains in 2020-21, up 3.7 percent over the previous year's output.
All key crops in the foodgrains basket (paddy, wheat, maize, and gramme) as well as oilseeds saw record yields in the crop year, according to the report. Oilseed production increased by more than 9%, while pulse production increased by more than 8%, in line with the government's aim of focusing on these crops.
Foodgrain production was over 11 million tonnes (MT) greater than in 2019-20 and nearly 30 MT higher than the five-year average production of foodgrains (2015-16 to 2019-20), according to the ministry's fourth advance estimates of major agricultural crop production for 2020-21 (July-June cycle).
The fourth estimate in the output estimates cycle is considered close to the final one, which might be released in the coming months.
Earlier in May, the government predicted 305 MT of foodgrain output in its third estimate. In 2019-20, India produced 297 MT of foodgrains. The increased output can be linked to good monsoon rains last year, when farmers planted more land despite the Covid-19 outbreak. “Record foodgrains are being produced as a result of farmers' tireless hard work, scientists' skills, and the government's agriculture and farmer-friendly policies,” said agriculture minister Narendra Singh Tomar.
Rice production is expected to reach 122 MT in 2020-21, up from roughly 119 MT the previous year, according to the fourth estimate.