Agriculture has been recognized as the core of the Union budget for the year 2019-20. The Government of India has planned to invest widely in agriculture infrastructure to provide assured income to small and marginal farmers.
It has made Niti Aayog a national think tank to establish and conduct programs and research on technologies of the future namely, machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) to facilitate the economic development of our country.
Uzhavan app, Ag mobile, CC Mobile app, IFFCO Kisan are some of the applications developed keeping in mind the need for the hour requirements in farming. Numerous important initiatives like e-choupal, Agri market, Kisan Suvidha, and the more recent e-NAM had long been trying to place agriculture as the indication.
The current budget has outlined setting up of 20 technology business incubators to develop at least 75,000 skilled businesspersons in the agriculture-rural industry.
Further, Rs 805 crore has also been allocated to Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) to address critical gaps in the value chain including infrastructure, modernization, traceability, production, productivity, post-harvest management and quality control through addition of latest technology.
This will eventually pave the way to achieving long-term sustainable agriculture goals of environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.
The agriculture sector, has, in recent times visualized the integration of IoT and farming practices in the development and conceptualization of plant factory technology. For example, a lighting sensor and a video sensor can show the distribution of the intensity of light in real-time and monitor the size of the plant. This would help determine the stage of plant growth.
From the satellite images, the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values were deduced, which served as an indication of the amount of photo-synthetically active vegetation in the region.
India was found to have high NDVI values. This could potentially serve as a key driver to increase supportable farming practices in India.