A Bangladeshi official said, in the next couple of years electricity imports from India may meet nearly a quarter of Bangladesh’s total demand for power.
On a daily basis, India currently exports 660 MW of electricity to Bangladesh. Of the total, 250 MW is sold through a bilateral agreement at India’s domestic generation tariff. The rest are open market purchases.
500 MW is transmitted to Bangladeshi power grid through Bheramara in Mursidabad and 160 MW through Suryamaninagar in Tripura to meet the local demand of South Comilla district of Bangladesh.
The current amount is over seven percent of Bangladesh’s own generation of 9,000 MW and five percent of the projected demand of 12,600 MW by the Bangladesh Power Development Board.
According to sources, India is currently increasing the capacity of the Bheramara transmission line to 1,000 MW. The possibilities of transmitting 500 MW electricity through a few South Bengal locations where the Bangladeshi and Indian grids run in close proximity are also being explored.
“By 2018, we are expecting power supplies to Bangladesh to go up by 500-1000 MW,” an Indian official confirmed.
According to Bangladeshi sources, considering the congestion at the Siliguri corridor, India has proposed to build a 5,000-MW transmission grid connecting the North-Eastern States to the mainland through Bangladesh.
This will mainly assist in the evacuation of large hydro-capacities planned in Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan on common rivers.
While Bangladesh was invited to participate in all the projects, Dhaka decided to participate in only one hydro project in Bhutan.
India plans to build a 1000 MWQ transmission grid through Bangladesh with bundle offer to share 500 MW electricity with that country. Except for equity power, the rest of the electricity will be available for open market purchase principles through term contracts with producers.